Perceived benefits of recreational fishing to Hispanic-American and Anglo anglers

Hunt, K. M. and Ditton, R.B.
Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 6:153–172

Based on cultural differences we expected Hispanic-American and Anglo males would differ on the importance placed on five constructs related to the perceived benefits of recreational fishing: escaping individual stressors, the importance of others, being in a natural environment, interacting with fish, and achievement. Thirteen experience preference items were grouped into five measurement scales to measure perceived benefits of recreational fishing. Only four constructs were measurable. The "importance of others" scale was not reliable enough for statistical testing. Secondary data analysis of four Texas statewide angler surveys conducted from 1989-1997 was made to calculate an effect size (standardized mean difference) between Hispanic-American and Anglo males on the remaining four constructs. The study focused on males only because of insufficient sample size for female Hispanic anglers. Meta-analysis was used to determine treatment by study interactions and provide a weighted average effect size. Hispanic-Americans and Anglos differed significantly on three of the four constructs; two were in the hypothesized direction. As hypothesized, Anglos placed significantly greater importance on escaping individual stressors and being in a natural environment. Contrary to what was hypothesized, Hispanic-American males placed greater importance on achievement, defined here in terms of the competence testing aspects of fishing. No statistical difference was found on the importance of interacting with fish.


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